An Giang, with its capital city Long Xuyen, is a border
province famous for the Oc Eo culture, dated from the 1st to the 6th
century AD. Their social and religious activities along with various
religions create a colorful and lively picture for the admirers.
Ba Chua Xu (the Mother of the Country) Temple was built
in 1820 on Sam Mountain in An Giang province. According to a legend, in
the early 1800s, villagers found a statue of a lady dating to the 6th
century in the forest. They built a temple in her honor, hoping that she
would bring them better crops and better lives. This is why the marble
statue of Ba Chua Xu, meaning "country lady," is worshipped.
Tay An Pagoda is famous for the fine carving of its hundreds of
religious figures, most of which are made of wood. Aspects of the
building’s architecture reflect Hindu and Islamic influences. The first
chief monk of Tay An Pagoda (founded in 1847) came from Giac Lam Pagoda
in Ho Chi Minh City. Tay An Pagoda was last rebuilt in 1958.
Thoai Ngoc Hau Tomb, located in front of Chua Xu Temple, is the biggest
monument at the foot of Sam Mountain, 5km southwest of Chau Doc. Thoai
Ngoc Hau (1761–1829), originally named Nguyen Van Thoai, was the first
man from this area to exploit the virgin soil, establish living
settlements, and dig Vinh Te and Ha channels. He was buried there along
with his two wives and a temple in his honor was built in the 1930s.
Every year, people come to his tomb to worship him during the 6th lunar
Floating villages comprise houses whose floats consist of empty metal
drums, are both a place to live and a livelihood for their residents.
Under each house, fish are raised in suspended wooden nets: the fish
flourish in their natural river habitat, the family can feed them
whatever scraps it has handy, and catching the fish does not require all
the exertions of fishing.