In the spiritual life of the Vietnamese people, different
forms of beliefs and religions have always existed, among which the cult
of the mother, of the tutelary spirit of the village, of Buddha, of the
ancestors or even the cult of the national heroes.
Today, folk beliefs appear to be very popular again.
Village & guild:
Vietnamese culture has evolved on the basis of the rice
culture. Thus, the lifestyle of the population is closely related to the
village & native land.
People have gathered together to form villages in rural areas and guilds
in urban areas since the dawn of the nation. Each village & guild has its
own regulations called conventions but they are always in accordance with
state laws and they ensure the promotion of good customs within the
Cult of the village Tutelary Spirit, the national heroes
A popular Vietnamese proverb says, “When drinking water,
be grateful to its source” or in other words always remember the origin of
things. This is why, in almost every village, a temple has been erected to
worship the tutelary spirit who founded the locality. Every year,
villagers celebrate the anniversary of the death of the tutelary spirit.
The celebration always comprises 2 parts: rituals and banquets. Today,
people worship the tutelary spirits along with the national heroes who
sacrificed their lives for the independence of the country.
Vietnamese ancestor worship, which is the ritual
expression of filial piety, dates from long before the arrival of
Confucianism & Buddhism.
The cult of the ancestors is based on the belief that soul lives on after
death and becomes the protector of its descendants. Traditionally, the
Vietnamese venerate and honour the spirits of their ancestor regularly,
especially on the anniversary of the ancestor’s death. The ancestors are
informed on occasions of family joy or sorrow, such as weddings, success
in an examination or death.