English English French Chinese
   
 

About us

|

Contact Us

|

Term & Condition

Home | About us | Why Peace Travel ? | Vietnam Infos | Travel Tips
Destinations  |  Tours  |  Hotels  |  Transportation  |  Special offers
News & Events  |  Terms & Conditions  |  Contact us

SUPPORT ONLINE
Online Status
Hotel - Airticket
Online Status
Inbound Tour
Online Status
Outbound Tour
SPECIAL OFFERS

Tuyển Dụng

More...
WEATHER
CURRENCY
WEB LINK
SURVEY

What do you look for on peacetravel.com.vn?

 
NEWSLETTER
Email:
  
 
 
Welcome to Peace Travel !!! Welcome to Peace Travel !!!   
| General Information | Culture | Festivities | Gastronomy |
General Information

History

THE FIRST CENTERS OF CIVILIZATION AND EARLY STATES

THE FIRST CENTERS OF CIVILIZATION AND EARLY STATES

In the first millennium before Christ and the early centuries of the Christian Era, on the Vietnamese territory there gradually emerged the first three centers of civilization closely associated with the early states.

The Dong Son Civilization of the ancient Viet people in the basins of Red, Ma and Lam Rivers (in the North and North Central Vietnam)- symbolized by the renowned Dong Son bronze drums. Based on historical documents, researchers discovered this is the land of the first state: Van Lang state of Hung kings, and followed by the land of Au Lac under the reign of King An Duong Vuong.

The Sa Huynh Civilization, in the coastal area of Central Vietnam and part of Southeastern Vietnam, came into being the late centuries B.C and early centuries AD This is the first civilization of Cham people and the basic for forming the early state of small Champa Kingdom.

The Oc Eo civilization in the Mekong Delta developed in the early centuries A.D was the basis for forming an early State organization of the ancient Melanesians, whom ancient history books called Funan.

Those three centers of civilization had close cultural relations with each other. This is the first era of civilization and nation building of ethnic groups living in ancient times on the present day Vietnam territory.

THE PERIOD OF CHINESE DOMINATION (179 B.C – 938 A.D)

In 179 BC, Trieu Da, King of Nam Viet (China), invaded Au Lac country. The resistance of An Duong Vuong failed soon after this invasion. As a result, the northern feudalism took turns dominating the country over the next ten centuries, establishing their harsh regime in the country and dividing the country into administrative regions and districts with unfamiliar names. However, the country’s name of Van Lang-Au Lac could not be erased from the Vietnam people’s minds in their everyday life.

The Vietnamese people’s struggle was extremely hard. It was until the historic victory of Bach Dang (near Hai Phong) won in 938 under Ngo Quyen’s leadership that Vietnamese people succeeded in ending the humiliation of foreign domination for over a thousand years and regaining the national independence.

THE NATIONAL DYNASTIES (10TH-19TH CENTURY)

Under the succeeded dynasties from the 10th to 15th centuries, Vietnam had to overcome countless difficulties resulting from the Chinese domination as well as defeated two invasions made by the Soong, and three invasions made by the Mongol Yuan.

However, from the 16th to 18th centuries, the feudal factions plunged into a scramble for royal power, leading the country into a state of secession and civil war between the Le and Mac feudal lords (1527 –1592), and between the Trinh and Nguyen (1588-1786).

The 17th century and early 18th century was a period of remarkable development of the goods-producing economy, and formed the first steps of establishing relations with a number of Western countries and contacts with the world market.

In the late 18th century, the Tay Son peasant uprising developed into a national movement, successively overthrown the rule of the Nguyen and Trinh feudal lords. The national unity was restored. In the first half of 19th century, the Nguyen court continued to strengthen national unity, speeded up land reclamation and development of orthodox culture.

THE ANTI-COLONIAL & ANTI-IMPERIAL STRUGGLE (1858-1975)

In 1858 the French colonialists started their conquest of Vietnam. From the south to the north, the Vietnamese people rose up resolutely and continuously to oppose colonial domination. In 1930 following the birth of the Communist Party of Vietnam founded by Nguyen Ai Quoc (Ho Chi Minh), the Vietnamese revolution led to the triumph of the August Revolution in 1945.
Right after the revolutionary forces had seized power, the Vietnamese people had to take up arms & fight for 30 years on ending the French’s colonialism and the American’s neocolonialism. The first resistance ended with the resounding Dien Bien Phu victory in 1954. The second resistance wound up with the historic Ho Chi Minh campaign and the great victory of spring 1975.

VIETNAM AFTER REUNIFICATION 1975

Following the liberation of Southern Vietnam on April 30 1975, the entire country of Vietnam was completely unified. In the first meeting of the national assembly of the unified Vietnam on July 2nd 1976, the assembly decided to name the country the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. From that time on, the Vietnamese people have contributed their efforts to overcome the difficulties caused by the wars, and gained many achievements in all fields. Life of Vietnamese people is more and more stable.
Nowadays, Vietnam is truly a country of peace and happiness, willing to welcome all worldwide visitors.

Top



     
HOTELS City/Province :  
TOURS Lodging class :  

 

Price (per room-night)  
  Key word : Send
 

Home | About us | Why Peace Travel ? | Vietnam Infos | Travel Tips | Destinations
Tours | Hotels | Transportation | Special offers | News & Events | Terms & Conditions | Contact us


PEACE TRAVEL JOINT - VENTURE COMPANY
215 Hai Ba Trung St. Dist.3 Ho Chi Minh City - Viet Nam.
Email: peacetravel@peacetravel.com.vn
Tel: (84-8) 3822 2261 - Fax: (84-8) 3829 7787
Copyright © 2006 PEACE TRAVEL JOINT - VENTURE COMPANY   Developed by TD&T